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Текст презентации: In the stream of history Prepared by: студент МУА
In the stream of history Prepared by: Akerke Nessipbay Aigerim Kussainova. Group: 102 GMMonitored by: Omarova B. K.
Outline. Authors biography. Quotes about Nursultan Nazarbayev’s book. Content of the “In the stream of history” book. The Author’s utterance. Conclusion
Author’s biography. Nursultan Äbishulı Nazarbayev born the 6th of July, 1940 in Chemolgan village, Kaskelen district, Almaty region.1967 - graduated from the technical institution of higher education attached to the Karaganda metallurgical industrial complex. Doctorate of Economic Sciences. Academician of the National science academy of Kazakhstan, of the International engineering academy, Social sciences academy of the Russian Federation. Honorary professor of Kazakh State University named after Al-Farabi. Honorary member of the Belarusian science academy. Honorary professor of Moscow State University named after Lomonosov.
In the book, \"In the stream of history,\" the Head of State wrote that in our history there is nothing that would be ashamed of this generation. The history of the Kazakh people painted horses\' hoofs. That is, young people need to know our history. Another important point - our ancestors fought for survival, and we have to fight for it to become a great nation. Doctor of Historical Sciences, the chairman of the Central Council of NGO \"Organization of Veterans of the Republic of Kazakhstan“, Omirzak Ozganbaev. Quotes about Nursultan Nazarbayev’s book
Preserve our national \"self“ Look at yourself, and think about: who you are, where you are and where are then?Omar Hayam
We must recognize that the internal heterogeneity, on the one hand, and external impact on cultural order, on the other hand, contribute to the fact that the cultural integrity of the Kazakh nation is far from ideal. To stay \"in the circle of reality\", it is necessary to move away from overly expansion, and too much of the local representations of the past and present of the Kazakhs
Optimistic view of the future of the nation, the possibility of maintaining its own \"I\" - not the next generation of optical illusion. We have serious grounds for such optimism. First, we splashed virtual, the subconscious field of its historical identity. Secondly, it is important to note the fact that the assimilation model has played a role in the development of national self-consciousness. Third, a powerful psychological response has led to a radical change in self-esteem and self-understanding of the Kazakh nation. Fourth, because of the youth demographic structure of the Kazakhs have a hefty supply of \"ethnic power.\" Finally, the Kazakhs have a \"critical mass\" for successful survival in the modern world.
The Kazakh Steppe - a part of the Grand Turk Ale. In the hands of wise men have visited the Arab and Persian books a lot, but this is the first of the books in which the Turks hear their language. Yusuf Balasaguni
The nomadic empire, successive for centuries, emerging and disintegrating in these spaces, have had a huge impact on the ethnogenesis of many nations. It was a completely new type of civilization. Among the Turkic rulers, defeated by the Mongols, we are proud to be called names such as Baybars, Kalauna, An-Nasir in Egypt, Eltutmish, manifolds, Balban in India.
Less than a year before the third millennium, we are able to accurately and correctly assess how cultural universe swims in the historic space for us, what the \"black hole\" gape at her, and what constellation the big names and the nameless millions of newly acquired speech and vision through our language and our eyes
Cultural perspective. Knowledge can possess the mind of the scientist, but wisdom - is the breath of the people. George Woodberry
If we talk about our common historical destiny, the definition of its active role in the new and increasingly geo-cultural coordinates, then why do not we enter into this world as a new cultural and civilizational integrity. Arrayed common Kazakh cultural reality must not be closed within the culture of our state system.
Our internal policy in international and cross-cultural interactions is built on an understanding of several conditions. First, the ethnic and cultural diversity of Kazakhstan is our advantage, it\'s development potential. Secondly, the potential of the Kazakh culture for all the ethnic groups of the country can be implemented in the open nature of most of the Kazakh culture. Third, the cultural space of Kazakhstan have the space coherence and complementarity between the various ethnic cultures.
Heritage of \"Alash\" and the modernity. A piece of real history - it\'s such a rare thing that they need a very cherished. Thomas Jefferson
A huge impact on the awakening consciousness of the Kazakh people had a collection of poems M. Dulatov \"Awake, Kazakh\", released in 1909 in the city of Ufa. In 1913, a new stage of the liberation movement in Kazakhstan associated with the activities of the newspaper \"Kazakh\". Leaders of \"Alash\" in a number of issues of the newspaper \"Kazakh\" discussed the problem of Kazakhs call for military service, and most inclined to that of the Kazakhs possible formation of Cossack cavalry units like the military. To pay tribute to the political courage of the Russian democratic leaders who went over a tragic period in the life of the peoples of Kazakhstan and Central Asia experienced a real genocide from tsarist, from the podium of the State Duma were made on their behalf.
Now, when Kazakhstan is open to the world many people directly establish contacts with Western countries in all spheres of life. yes, and they successfully penetrate into our country. All this, of course, affects the development of the Kazakh nation, learning it the most valuable of the Western experience in the field of man-made humanitarian and institutional compliance with modern historical challenges.
About national identity. Time is stable as a bank: we think that it is running, but on the contrary, we pass. P. Buast
Of course, the democratic state has no right to force \"cram as nails\" certain religious tenets. it is a position of principle of the present leadership of Kazakhstan. in short, our ancestors and related Turkic peoples have never been very religious aggression and have respect for the spiritual freedom of other nations. it is a lesson of history that should know instead of illiterate judgments about the \"reactionary role of islam in Central Asia.\"
What fundamentally changed over the years of independence, and that was the basis for the development of national identity. First, the Kazakhs at the end of the century once again become an absolute majority in their homeland this dry statistical figure that speaks for itself. Second, the Kazakh nation today is represented on all \"levels\" of the social structure. Third, gained full legal justification, and constituted itself on the international level, the fact that all of Kazakhstan is a historical-genetic territory of the Kazakh nation.
Totalitarian and national. Past generations have left us not so much to address the issues as most questions. Seneca Junior
\" Totalitarianism - as rightly pointed out in his book, Nursultan Nazarbayev - opposed the entire thickness of the nation\'s history surprisingly crafty move - to break a single live stream of the national past in the class struggle . This transfer pattern formed of a class society to the industrial type Kazakh society has turned a subtle movement of Kazakhs in pale copy of the unknown and completely different in nature processes. Meanwhile, the real story is far from the Kazakh recipes and key methodological class analysis . \"Indeed, the former scheme of history teaching could not accommodate the entire system of social relations Kazakhs.
Exclusively as a negative phenomenon interpreted the role of Khan\'s power . Up to now, has consequences \" unpretentious and devastatingly effective \" idea , introduced by totalitarianism in the mass consciousness of the Kazakhs of continuous corruption and the insignificance of the Kazakh elite.\"There\'s often confusion of the present stage of history - wrote on N. Nazarbayev - this is easy to look through the legacy of the past , when all that is done at the top, ahead anathema .\"
Independent countries of Central Asia and the historical examples. Sacred duty of each of us - to multiply the number of their friends. Abay
The first lesson we can serve the Soviet state policy towards the region. So, until the mid-1920s, the identification of Central Asia was based on: 1. religious 2. Regional 3. tribal affiliation. To the question \"Who are you?\" - Answered - \"A Muslim from such and such a district, such and such a tribe.\" Only in the mid-20\'s Russia started to divide the region on the national-territorial basis.
The second lesson we can use a historical example of state nationalism in Europe. After obtaining independence in the Central Asian countries, a new threat - the state nationalism. State nationalism originated with the signing of the Peace of Westphalia in 1948, in which religion is a religion recognized by the sovereign people to obey him. The third historical lesson is the story of the Arab world. Historical experience demonstrates that the lack of a common political, military, cultural strategy and appropriate tactics for the countries of the same regional interests, leading, ultimately, to a loss of opportunity to achieve national interests of each country separately.
Rings of history and national memory. The past is not out there, in my time, but here, in me. The past - it\'s me, it\'s my life. Ortega- i- Gasset
The first stage. The development of the whole territory of Kazakhstan today innumerable tribes of ancient Aryan-pastoralists. The second stage. Around 4-5 thousand years ago, history center and the spirit of the Aryans gradually moved from north to south, with the southern Urals in the Indus valley. The third stage. 3-4 thousand years ago in the east, in the steppes of prigobiyskih emerging tidal wave protogunnov. Fourth stage. 1500 years ago, the descendants of the Huns - Turks - tyurkuty kind Ashima - the children of the priestly dynasty of ancient tribes zhundi a plateau Ardoz bring new impetus to the spiritual life of local residents. Fifth stage. 1300-1100 years ago, the spiritual center of the Turkic peoples throbbed to the east, on the Yenisei River Orkhon. The sixth stage. 1100-900 years ago from south-west to Kazakhstan starts knurl powerful wave of Arab-Islamic spirit.
The seventh stage. XI century - marked by the most powerful spiritual light of Turkestan. The first Sufi of Khoja Ahmed Turki Yassaui was born in 1093. The eighth stage. XII-XIV Centuries. The outbreak of the great drama of the Kazakh ancestors - the invasion of Genghis. The ninth stage. XV-XVII Centuries. Since the formation, about 1466, the first Kazakh Khanate lay the foundation for the natural development of the whole people of spirituality. The tenth stage. - Is XVII-XIX centuries. During this period the morale of the Kazakh nation sorely tested for strength. The eleventh stage. The XX century. After the fall of the Kazakh Khanate XVIII-XIX centuries rebellious spirit of seeking a way out of the Kazakhs in a variety of forms. The twelfth stage begins in mid-1980. He noted national spirit. This Zheltoksan 1986. Although there was more politics than of the spirit. And today a nation at a crossroads. Sixth Empire collapsed.
The Author’s utterance. Fate of the last nomadic in the center of the continent of Eurasia, national identity and secret burial of the seven hills, totalitarianism and the great ruler Baybars, the diaspora of modern Kazakhstan and medieval India, national unity and \"Alash\" - all intricately interwoven in the history of a great people, giving strength and in difficult days, we are experiencing today . Nazarbayev N. A.
c. ONCLUSIONThe history of the Kazakh people is unique as the evolutionary development, and content. It\'s packed with the greatest tests for quality control, perseverance, courage and dignity of the Kazakhs. More than once we found ourselves on the brink of extinction, but have always found the strength to revive. History remembers how Kazakhs, like a phoenix, reborn again from out of nowhere and started to move in the great caravan of world civilization.